My little brother just started Chinese Class this week! Will be great one day to be able to speak with him in Mandarin! Here’s a copy of a pinyin sheet — basically every sound in chinese. Note that there are dialects all over china and most people’s pronunciation of the national standard language is quite a long ways off. For example, most southern countryside folks can’t distinguish zhi:zi shi:si or chi:ci. Meanwhile, Shanghainese folks can’t distinguish in:ing (yin ≠ ying, xin ≠ xing, etc). There are even some spots where ji, qi, and xi are all pronounced the same… So, be careful 😉
Of course, like in most places in the world, proper pronunciation and a good education/upbringing usually go hand in hand. If the pronunciation is way off the national standard, particularly for young people, there were almost certainly raised in a relatively rural area.
I can certainly do better than this, but if you take a look at the form, you’ll also see that reading pinyin without it’s proper phonetic indicator is somewhat awkward (ie, reading wāng wáng wǎng or wàng or even 王 往 or 旺 is much easier than reading “wang”). Anyway – this is a quick read over the list 😉