ECONOMICS

矿石 kuàngshí* n. ore M:duī/¹zhǒng 铁矿石 tiěkuàngshí n. 〈min.〉 iron ore M:²kuài 出让 chūràng* v. sell (one’s own things) 拍卖 pāimài v./n. ①auction ②sell at a reduced price | Nà jiā ²diàn zhèngzài ∼ jiājù. That shop is having a sale on furniture. 储蓄 chǔxù* v. save; deposit | Zhèngfǔ gǔlì gōngmín ∼. The government encourages its citizen to deposit money in the bank. n. savings 弊端 bìduān* n. malpractice; abuse; corrupt practice | Zhège zhìdù shíxíng qǐlai huì yǒu hěn duō ∼. This system in practice will result in many problems. 制约 zhìyuē v. restrict; condition n. 〈lg.〉 inhibition; constraint 大地主 dàdìzhǔ n. big landowner/landlord M:ge/¹míng/²wèi 细则 xìzé n. detailed rules and regulations M:¹tiáo 职能部门 zhínéng bùmén p.w. functional department (any given gov’t department) 公务员 gōngwùyuán n. functionary; government employee M:ge/¹míng/²wèi 业主委员会 yèzhǔ wěiyuánhuì – Home Owners Committee 参议员 cānyìyuán* n. senator M:²wèi 国会 guóhuì* p.w. parliament; congress 说客 shuōkè n. ①persuasive talker ②〈derog.〉 lobbyist; person sent to persuade sb. ③〈trad.〉 professional intermediary hired by one ruler to persuade another M:²wèi 群体 qúntǐ n. ①〈bio.〉 colony; community; group ②integral entity ③〈bio.〉 group 劳资 láozī* n. labor and capital/management 保障 ¹bǎozhàng* v./n. ensure; guarantee; safeguard | Tā shēnghuó méiyǒu ∼. There’s no security in his life. 劳动法 láodòng fǎ n. labor law 雇用 gùyòng* v. employ; hire 经营者 jīngyíngzhě n. manager M:ge/²wèi 劳动者 láodòngzhě n. laborer; worker M:ge/¹míng/²wèi 大萧条 Dàxiāotiáo n. the Great Depression (1929-1939) 宏观 hóngguān attr. macroscopic 竞争 jìngzhēng* v./n. compete; competition | Wǒ bùpà ∼. I’m not afraid of competition. 变革 ¹biàngé v. transform; change 薪酬 ¹xīnchóu* n. salary (跟工资一样) 陈良宇: Chén Liángyǔ – Former 上海市长 – Misallocated public funds (养老金) 政策 ¹zhèngcè n. policy; political tactic 烂帐 lànzhàng* n. ①uncollected debts ②messy accounts 滞胀 zhìzhàng n. 〈econ.〉 stagflation 挖掘 ¹wājué v. excavate; unearth 掘金 juéjīn v.o. dig for gold 加减 ¹jiājiǎn* v.p. add and subtract 份额 fèn’é n. share; portion 强制性 qiángzhìxìng n./attr. mandatory nature 营利 ¹yínglì* v.o. seek profits 持股 chígǔ* v.o. hold shares/stock 豪赌 háodǔ* v. gamble with big stakes 走私 zǒusī* v.o. smuggle 融资 ²róngzī n. ①funds; financial capital ②circulate neccessary funds 作弊 zuòbì* v.o. ①practice fraud/corruption ②cheat on a test/exam | Kǎoshì bùxǔ ∼. Cheating on tests is not allowed. 机制 ²jīzhì attr. machine-processed ◆n. mechanism 化石 ¹huàshí n. fossil M:ge/²kuài 黑幕交易 hēimù jiāoyìn inside story of a shady deal 失业 ¹shīyè v.o. lose one’s job; be out of work 代价 ¹dàijià n. price; cost (of doing sth.) | Tā wèicǐ fùchūle bùshǎo ∼. He paid quite a price for this. 阶段 jiēduàn* n. ①stage; phase | Nǐ de lùnwén xiě dào shénme ∼ le? How far have you gotten in your thesis writing? ②〈min.〉 level 选举 xuǎnjǔ* v./n. ①elect (by vote) | Nǐ cānjiā ∼ le ma? Did you vote? ②〈trad.〉 select by examination 港商,台商,美商,法商,日商 Gǎngshāng* n. businessman from Hong Kong 倒卖 dǎomài v. resell at profit; scalp

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